This information was announced from an online workshop “Evaluation of the implementation of solid waste classification at source in Đà Nẵng city to serve the goal of sustainable waste management” co-organized by the Central Province Đà Nẵng’s Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Hà Nội – based National University of Civil Engineering (NUCE), Japanese Saitama University, and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) on 26th November. More specifically, results from one–year research of NUCE showed that the management of construction and demolition waste (CDW) in Đà Nẵng remains a hot issue. The enforcement of policies and compliance on CDW management are weak. The illegal discharge of CDW is relatively ubiquitous. The recycling of CDW is mainly at the stage of utilization for ground filling materials. The city has no enterprises responsible for the professional collection of CDW. The planning of transfer stations and landfills for CDW has not been implemented. Other limitations on CDW management include low awareness of stakeholders about the importance of treatment and recycling, lack of official guidance and norms on transportation and disposal, and pressure from the rapid urbanization rate. The limitations on CDW management happen not only in Đà Nẵng but also in other urban areas in Việt Nam.
Illegal discharge of construction and demolition waste in Đà Nẵng. Source of photo: https://baotainguyenmoitruong.vn
The study of the NUCE is within the framework of the SATREPS project on “Establishment of environmentally sound management of construction and demolition waste and its wise utilization for environmental pollution control and for new recycled construction materials in Việt Nam”, which is funded by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and the JICA. In Vietnam, the project is conducted by the NUCE in the period 2018 – 2023. In Đà Nẵng, the project will be implemented from 2020 – 2025.
Vietnam sets objectives for the collection rate of CDW is 90% and reuse & recycling 60% by 2025, stated the national strategy for solid waste management to 2025, vision 2050 (Decision No.491/QĐ-TTg, issued in 2018).
Hà Nội: bulky waste disposed of uncontrolled on pavements
Unmanaged bulky waste in big cities
Sources & further information: “Đà Nẵng: Thu gom hơn 1.500 tấn rác tài nguyên sau phân loại rác tại nguồn” at https://baotainguyenmoitruong.vn, “Nâng cao hiệu quả phân loại chất thải rắn sinh hoạt, chất thải rắn xây dựng tại nguồn” at https://www.danang.gov.vn, “Thiết lập hệ thống quản lý phế thải xây dựng hiệu quả nhằm kiểm soát ô nhiễm môi trường” at https://congnghiepmoitruong.vn, “Việt Nam, Japan co-operate on construction waste management” at https://vietnamnews.vn, and “Decision approving adjustments to national strategy for general management of solid waste to 2025 with a vision towards 2050” at https://thuvienphapluat.vn, accessed on 10 December 2021.