Presently, the Mekong Delta generates 14.000 tons of waste per day and is forecasted to increase up to about 19.000 tons in 2030. The major treatment of waste is landfilling, in which 105 of the total 124 landfills are unsanitary, resulting in pollution of surface and groundwater and inefficient land use.
To solve the issues of growing waste amount and negative impacts from unsanitary landfilling, experts recommend building interprovincial solid waste treatment complexes for the Mekong Delta, according to the Master plan of Mekong Delta period 2021 – 2030, vision 2050.
Specifically, the first waste treatment complex is responsible for the handling of solid waste from two provinces of Sóc Trăng and Bạc Liêu. The second complex is for the provinces of Tiền Giang, Bến Tre, Trà Vinh, and Vĩnh Long. The third complex is for the provinces of An Giang and Đồng Tháp.
The technology recommended is waste-to-energy incineration.
Source & further information: “Xây dựng các khu xử lý rác liên tỉnh ở Đồng bằng sông Cửu Long” at https://www.moitruongvadothi.vn, accessed on 6 Jan 2021.