The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) is compiling the draft proposal “Rural clean water supply in 2021-2015”. Accordingly, the rate of using clean water will be increased from the present share of 51% of the rural population (approx. 33 million people) to 60% by 2025. Standard clean water is defined as domestic water which meets requirements of the national technical regulation QCVN 02:2009/BYT (expired and replaced by QCVN 01-1:2018/BYT) on domestic water quality.
Currently, 88.5% of the rural population use sanitary water (i.e., qualitatively defined as no color, no smell, no strange taste, no harmful ingredients, can be used for drinking and eating after boiling). About 41% of the rural population use water from centralized water supply facilities and 10% from household water supply facilities.
Nationwide, there are 16,573 centralized rural water supply facilities providing water for 28.3 million people in rural areas. About 31 million people living in rural areas lack access to standard clean water, mainly in remote areas. More specifically, only 31% of the rural population in Northern mountain and 26.6% in Central Highlands have access to standard clean water.
To achieve 60% of the rural population having access to standard clean water, the MARD proposes to mobilize all social sources in investment, operation, and maintenance of centralized rural water supply facilities.
Sources & further information: “Đến năm 2025: 60% dân số nông thôn sử dụng nước sạch đạt quy chuẩn” at https://www.moitruongvadothi.vn, “Khuyến khích doanh nghiệp đầu tư cấp nước sạch nông thôn” at http://baochinhphu.vn, and “Nâng cao chất lượng nguồn nước sinh hoạt: Không đánh đồng giữa nước sạch và nước hợp vệ sinh” at https://baodantoc.vn, accessed on 30 August 2021.