This is one of the goals set in the new strategy on agricultural and rural development in the period 2021 – 2030, vision 2050, approved by Decision 150/QĐ-TTg on 28th January. Accordingly, Vietnam will restructure the agricultural sector, aiming to increase the GDP of agriculture, forestry, and fishery by an average of 2.5 – 3% per year by 2030. Agriculture will be developed towards commodity-producing agriculture. The sector ensures not only national food security, socio-economic stability, but also contributes to prevention and control of natural disasters, epidemics, environmental protection, response to climate change, and efficient implementation of international commitments on reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. Particularly, it aims to reduce GHG emissions by 10% compared to 2020; remain forest coverage stably at 42%; reach over 1 million hectares of forest area certified for sustainable forest management; increase area of marine and coastal conservation zones to 3 – 5% of the natural area of the national sea area.
According to the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Lê Minh Hoan, two disadvantages of the agricultural industry in Vietnam are single-sector development and excessive use of land and investment costs instead of applying science and technology or model of circular and organic agriculture. He also mentioned that the present market requires agricultural products which are not based on price but also many other values like no impacts on climate change, environmental, and human health. Therefore, the agricultural sector should reorientate the core values and approach the trend.
Sources & further information: “Đến năm 2050, Việt Nam trở thành nước có nền nông nghiệp hàng đầu thế giới” at https://baochinhphu.vn, “Đặt mục tiêu Việt Nam thành nước nông nghiệp hàng đầu thế giới năm 2050” at https://kinhtemoitruong.vn, and “Quyết định 150/QĐ-TTg phê duyệt chiến lược phát triển nông nghiệp và nông thôn bền vững giai đoạn 2021 – 2030, tầm nhìn đến năm 2050” at https://thuvienphapluat.vn, accessed on 9 February 2022.